1. Malnutrition is the condition resulting when the body does not receive enough nutrients. Malnutrition is responsible for about one third of all child deaths.
  2. Chronic malnutrition in children is characterized by stunting, which is when children are too short for their age. Severe malnutrition is characterized by wasting, which is malnutrition compounded by disease.
  3. Vitamin A, zinc, iron, and iodine are the essential vitamin and mineral deficiencies of primary concern. Approximately 2 billion people have insufficient iodine intake worldwide, and Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children.
  4. Maternal malnutrition puts fetal development at risk for neonatal complications. WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for at least six months, and regular breastfeeding for up to two years.
  5. Obesity and being overweight are also forms of malnutrition. These conditions lead to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases all over the world.

Reference: WHO

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