- Malnutrition is the condition resulting when the body does not receive enough nutrients. Malnutrition is responsible for about one third of all child deaths.
- Chronic malnutrition in children is characterized by stunting, which is when children are too short for their age. Severe malnutrition is characterized by wasting, which is malnutrition compounded by disease.
- Vitamin A, zinc, iron, and iodine are the essential vitamin and mineral deficiencies of primary concern. Approximately 2 billion people have insufficient iodine intake worldwide, and Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children.
- Maternal malnutrition puts fetal development at risk for neonatal complications. WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for at least six months, and regular breastfeeding for up to two years.
- Obesity and being overweight are also forms of malnutrition. These conditions lead to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases all over the world.